in investments in H&S measures and equipment
implemented by Energoatom
of occupational diseases, accidents, group accidents or fatalities
is the increased thermal capacity of power unit No. 4 at Rivne NPP and power unit No. 2 at South-Ukraine NPP
3
IMPROVING SAFETY
CULTURE
NON-FINANCIAL REPORT 2019

Message from our representative

The development of a strong safety culture and technological leadership underpinned by staff professionalism lays the groundwork for safe operation of NPPs. Using the world’s best practices in NPP operation and applying modern technologies, Energoatom has managed to remain an example of a safe, high-tech, and reliable electricity producer for many years.

Complying with nuclear and radiation safety standards is the highest priority for us. We continued to implement one of our most important programmes – the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme of Power Units of Ukrainian NPPs (CCSUP) – to further increase nuclear safety and ensure efficient and reliable operation of the NPPs. The Company enhances the NPP safety on a system-wide basis through the implementation of the respective safety programmes developed for a particular period.

To safeguard health and safety at workplace is our highest priority. This is also the priority of all our production units at all organisational levels. We have set ourselves a target of achieving zero injury in the workplace and ensuring that each employee of the Company is aware that the NPP safety depends on his/her safety culture. In 2019, Energoatom did not register any occupational diseases, accidents, nor workrelated group accidents or fatalities. This is the best confirmation that we work relentlessly to enhance safety.

In the reporting period, Energoatom strengthened its image in Ukraine’s energy market as a safe, responsible, and reliable business, which has a strong influence on the national economy and makes a significant contribution to achieving the sustainable development goals.

YURII SHEIKO,

Acting First Vice President – Technical Director, Energoatom

Management Principles

Compliance with the highest standards of nuclear and radiation safety is the highest priority for Energoatom. As a leader in Ukrainian energy sector, the Company understands the nature of its operations and is fully aware of its responsibility for the operation of nuclear facilities that require special staff training, special approach to production, and understanding of safety culture by all people involved in the operation of NPPs.

Energoatom believes it has a duty to ensure safe conditions for its employees and residents of the regions where it operates. To this end, the Company improves production processes, pays more attention to the reliability of equipment, ensures its safe and failure-free operation, and introduces the latest technologies. Being aware of the importance of safety at NPPs, Energoatom makes regular efforts to develop, maintain, and enhance the safety culture in line with IAEA recommendations.

The General Inspector – Safety Director is responsible for overall supervision of the safety management system in the Company: he/she monitors and supervises the compliance with safety requirements, rules and standards at all stages of the lifecycle of the Company’s nuclear facilities. The General Inspector – Safety Director is directly subordinate to the President of Energoatom. The Deputy General Inspector – Director of Safety Supervision is responsible for coordination of supervision activities across the Company. Supervision units at NPPs are subordinate to the chief inspectors of NPPs.

NPP Safety

As a nuclear operator, Energoatom strictly adheres to the nuclear and radiation safety legislation, namely the laws of Ukraine On the Use of Nuclear Energy and Radiation Safety, On Human Protection Against the Impact of Ionizing Radiation, Norms and Rules on Radiation Safety in Ukraine, and the Basic Sanitary Rules for Radiation Safety in Ukraine.

In 2019, Energoatom managed to ensure stable and safe operation of Ukrainian NPPs. There were no incidents with radiation consequences. The safety at NPPs is assessed by the number and extent of deviations in the operation, which are then compared against the developed IAEA International Scale of Nuclear Events, INES. Within the scale, events are rated on the scale at seven levels: the upper levels (4-7) are termed «accidents» and the lower levels (2-3) are termed «incidents» and «anomalies» (1).

In 2019, no INES accidents or incidents were registered at Ukrainian NPPs. There were 12 deviations in the operation of NPPs that were rated Below Scale/Level 0 on the INES scale. One deviation was rated at Level 1.

Approaches to the regulation of the NPP environmental impact have not changed since the previous reporting period.

Radiation impact monitoring

An NPP is believed to comply with the H&S conditions only when its radiation impact on staff, population, and the environment in the course of normal operation and any disruptions of normal operation or design basis accidents do not exceed the limits of staff and population exposure to radiation and the permissible limits of emissions and discharges of pollutants or radioactive substances into the environment.

The main H&S goal at all stages of the NPP lifecycle is to create and maintain a set of specific measures and actions that will help ensure normal operation, prevent disruptions or emergencies.

Thanks to the measures aimed at improving radiation safety and radiation protection and improving radiation control at NPPs, the Company showed a trend decline in the levels of emissions of radioactive substances and staff radiation exposure.

In 2019, the average levels of radioactive gas and aerosol emissions did not exceed 1% of the permissible limits, the average discharges of radioactive substances into reservoirs were 2.1%, and the average individual radiation exposure dose for Energoatom NPP personnel made 1 mSv, 5% of the annual dose limit for the staff of this category.

For more information on the levels of radioactive emissions and Energoatom staff radiation exposure in 2017–2019, please see Annex “Key Performance Indicators 2017-2019”.

The radiation impact of the Company’s NPPs on the staff, people, and environment throughout the year was within the limits established by the nuclear and radiation safety rules and regulations.

In 2019, South-Ukraine NPP carried out the first stage of works on the annual scheduled calibration of gamma radiation detectors of the Automated Radiation Monitoring Systems (ARSMS) installed on the industrial site and in a 30-kilometre supervised area of the NPP. The calibration was carried out by Mykolaiv Regional Centre for Standardisation, Metrology and Certification. To perform it, the detectors were dismantled, transported to the site of the nuclear power plant, calibrated and returned back to their places. Following the calibration, South-Ukraine NPP received a respective certificate.

In 2019, the operation of nuclear power plants did not cause any environmental changes, which could indicate a deterioration in the quality of the environment in their areas of operation as compared to previous years. The level of NPP safety in Ukraine meets the requirements of the national legislation, international recommendations, and global practices.

Physical Protection of NPPs

Physical protection of NPPs has been selected as one of the Company’s strategic goals. The focus is to protect the national security interests, prevent and disrupt sabotage, theft or any other illegal seizure of nuclear materials, radioactive waste, and other sources of ionizing radiation, as well as strengthen the non-proliferation regime. Since 2014, the Company has had an action plan in place to implement the Concept of Combating Terrorism at Nuclear Power Plants for 2014-2020.

In 2019, the Company performed the following works to ensure physical protection:

  • Ensuring uninterruptable operation of the NPP physical protection systems, in particular protection of nuclear power units and nuclear materials;
  • Taking organisational measures to ensure physical protection regime;
  • Ensuring reliable and effective functioning of engineering and technical equipment of physical protection systems; implementing a national state programme for the equipment reconstruction and technical upgrade;
  • Increasing the effectiveness of NPP protection by units of the National Guard of Ukraine against the current threats in line with requirements of intergovernmental commissions;
  • Ensuring physical protection and preservation of fresh and spent nuclear fuel during transportation in Ukraine;

  • Conducting training and drills to test the effectiveness of cooperation plans in the event of sabotage against nuclear facilities;
  • Training, retraining and upskilling physical protection professionals;
  • Improving protection and security of vital infrastructure facilities at NPPs by forces of corporate paramilitary security;
  • Protecting restricted information.

In September 2019, the Company completed the Project for Comprehensive Training and Drills on Preparedness and Response in cooperation with the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). In the course of the cooperation, the American side provided guidelines and recommendations on training the response forces at NPPs and on financial assistance to address logistics issues.

In 2020, the Company plans to take comprehensive measures to upgrade engineering and technical equipment of physical protection systems to bring it in line with the requirements of the applicable laws and ensure priority financing of physical protection measures.

Training against Terrorism and Sabotage at NPPs in 2019

27-28 March. Rivne NPP held joint training sessions and drills with the National Guard and the Security Service of Ukraine to test the effectiveness of the cooperation plans in the event of sabotage, as well as to evaluate the status of counter- terrorist security;

22-23 May. South-Ukraine NPP carried out tactical counter-terrorism training that was scheduled for 2019. This was done to verify the effectiveness of the existing cooperation plan in case of sabotage, as well as the anti-terrorist security of facilities with radioactive materials. The training was attended by the representatives of the NPP, Security Service of Ukraine, the National Guard of Ukraine, National Police, the State Emergency Service, Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry, Energoatom, and the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine.

30 May. Khmelnytska NPP hosted a command- staff training course attended by the Company’s management, representatives of the NPP’s physical protection service, servicemen of the National Guard of Ukraine, the Security Service of Ukraine, and the National Police Department in Netishyn. The training helped check the preparedness of participants and their ability to get engaged and cooperate in case of any crisis or any signs of an emergency at the NPP, caused by unauthorised actions of external offenders.

25 October. The training courses, Physical Protection as an Element of National Security and Ukrainian Legislation on Nuclear Materials Records Management and Control, were held for the senior management of Khmelnytska NPP. The lectures were delivered by specialists of the George Kuzmycz Training Centre for Physical Protection, Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials in the premises of Khmelnytska NPP’s Training Centre.

Audits and inspections of NPPs by international organisations

26 March. Representatives of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Lender’s Monitoring Consultant, and the project management team checked the implementation of the measures under the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme of Power Units of Ukrainian NPPs (CCSUP) at Rivne NPP. In particular, they looked into tender procedures for procurement of equipment and services.

25-26 June. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) performed a scheduled physical inventory of nuclear fuel for power unit No. 3 at Rivne NPP. The purpose of the inspection was achieved; no comments were received.

13–27 September. WANO carried out a peer review at Khmelnytska NPP. Following the review, Energoatom could identify the areas for improvement and its strengths, which it plans to present to the global nuclear community for study and application at other sites.

26 October – 4 November. A regular IAEA inspection took place at Rivne NPP. The inspector carried out a scheduled audit at power units No. 1 and No. 2. Everything was performed on time and in full. The purpose of the inspection was achieved; no improvement comments were made.

Emergency Preparedness and Response System

Energoatom has the Emergency Preparedness and Response System in place underlying all emergency preparedness and response measures and plans that will ensure civil defence and technogenic safety of NPPs in the regions of their presence.

Energoatom’s Emergency Preparedness and Response System has been built and operates in accordance with the IAEA recommendations, the requirements of Ukraine’s nuclear laws, nuclear and radiation safety norms, rules and standards, as well as in compliance with the applicable laws of Ukraine in the area of civil defence.

In 2019, the Company continued to implement measures aimed at improving the efficiency of emergency plans and emergency response actions.

In the reporting period, Energoatom conducted audits of all separate divisions to check their preparedness and response to radiation emergencies and nuclear accidents, both man-caused and natural.

In addition, in January-February 2019, the Department for Emergency Preparedness and Response of the Company’s Head Office was directly engaged in the consideration and development of Energoatom’s proposals as to the functioning of the Interdepartmental Operational Headquarters of the Ministry of Energy and Environmental Protection. The Headquarters were established to strengthen and improve physical protection of nuclear facilities and thus help ensure Ukraine’s ability to respond to nuclear incidents.

In 2019, Energoatom fully complied with the requirements of the nuclear laws and civil defence regulations.

The Company’s representatives took part in the development of a regulatory document, The National Plan for Nuclear and Radiation Emergency Response, of the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine.

The document must comply with the provisions of Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom (to be implemented in line with the current laws of Ukraine) laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionizing radiation, as well as with General Safety Requirements GSR Part 7 recommended by the IAEA for the development or revision of emergency measures. Employees of Energoatom finalised the document and provided the relevant comments and recommendations to the Inspectorate.

Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme

Energoatom implements the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme of Power Units of Ukrainian NPPs (CCSUP) to improve the safety of operating power units at NPPs, ensure their efficient and reliable operation, reduce the risk of accidents at NPPs during natural disasters or other emergency situations, and improve the efficiency of emergency management. In the reporting period, the Programme was extended from 2020 to 2023. Post-Fukushima measures securing emergency energy supply are viewed as very important elements of the Programme.

In total, 1,295 measures are planned to be implemented within the framework of the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme (including 357 measures implemented before its launch). As of 1 January 2020, 929 measures had been implemented since the launch of the CCSUP.

Energoatom implemented the planned measures under the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme of Power Units of Ukrainian NPPs, hitting 112% of the target.

The CCSUP is being implemented at the expense of the Company, as well as with credit funds raised from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and Euratom. These funds are used to purchase only basic equipment for a part of the measures and only in line with the procedures established by the European partners.

In 2019, the amount allocated to finance the CCSUP measures (since the launch of the Programme) made UAH 31.32 billion; the costs were covered out of the Company’s funds and borrowings.

In the reporting period, the priority was given to the implementation of CCSUP measures at power units scheduled for the lifecycle extension: these were power units No. 1 of Khmelnytska NPP and No. 3 of South-Ukraine NPP. The implementation of CCSUP measures at these facilities significantly contributed to a positive decision of the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine to extend the lifecycle of these power units.

In 2019, Energoatom’s plan was to implement 123 CCSUP measures, in particular:

  • 86 measures were implemented together with the ahead-of-schedule measures, for which the reports had been agreed with the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine/State Emergency Service of Ukraine;
  • 35 measures were actually implemented together with the ahead-of-schedule actions, for which the reports are under consideration of the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine/State Emergency Service of Ukraine or are being finalised according to their comments;
  • 17 measures were actually implemented together with the ahead-of-schedule actions; technical decisions on commissioning were sent or will be sent to the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine;
  • 6 measures were partially implemented.

In 2019, there were five public hearings on the implementation of the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme of Power Units of Ukrainian NPPs. The Company concluded 70 contracts for the implementation of 59 sets of measures (209 actions in total).


Implementation of Post-Fukushima Measures

In the reporting period, Energoatom continued implementing post-Fukushima measures at Ukrainian NPPs with the purpose to prevent accidents during natural disasters or other emergencies, minimise the consequences of such accidents, improve the efficiency of design basis and beyond design basis accidents at the NPPs, and minimise their consequences.

For more information about the post-Fukushima measures, please see our Non-Financial Report 2017.

In 2019, Energoatom implemented 33 post-Fukushima measures.

In 2019, we implemented the following post-Fukushima measures:

Testing the system of emergency power supply by a mobile diesel generator station at power unit No. 1 of Rivne NPP;

Completing a trial run of the system for hydrogen concentration control in the nuclear containment for beyond design basis accidents at power unit No. 3 of Rivne NPP (the system was manufactured by VUJE a.s., Slovakia);

Conducting preparatory works at power unit No. 1 of Rivne NPP for building a system of automatic pressure relief in the containment.


Extending the lifecycle of nuclear power units and increasing their capacity

Extending the lifecycle of power units is a priority for the Company, as this is envisaged by Ukraine Energy Strategy 2035. Energoatom performs works to extend the lifecycle of the power units within the framework of:

  • Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme of Power Units of Ukrainian NPPs;
  • Complex Action Plan for the Extension of Lifecycle of the Operating Power Units.

The implementation of measures aimed at improving the safety and reliability of power unit operation is a must for the extension of its lifecycle. In particular, this means modernisation and reconstruction of the equipment, removal of deviations from safety rules and standards, and improvement of power unit reliability and emergency preparedness.

In 2019, Energoatom received licences from the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine for the operation of power units No. 1 at Khmelnytska NPP and No. 3 at South-Ukraine NPP beyond their design lifetime.

Thanks to the safety improvement measures, Ukrainian nuclear power units with extended lifecycle have become even more reliable and safer than at the beginning of their lifecycle. Under the Nine Power Units for Six Years Programme developed in 2014, it is planned to extend the lifecycle of power unit No. 5 at Zaporizhzhya NPP in 2020.

Extending the Lifecycle of the Existing Nuclear Power Units
Power unit
No. 1, South- Ukraine NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2023
Power unit
No. 1, Zaporizhzhya NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2025
Power unit
No. 2, South- Ukraine NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2025
Power unit
No. 2, Zaporizhzhya NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2026
Power unit
No. 3, Zaporizhzhya NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2027
Power unit
No. 1, Rivne NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2030
Power unit
No. 2, Rivne NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2031
Power unit
No. 3, Rivne NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2037
Power unit
No. 4, Zaporizhzhya NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2028
Power unit
No. 1, Khmelnytska NPP
The lifetime has been extended to 2028
Power unit
No. 3, South- Ukraine NPP
Works are underway to extend the lifecycle
Power unit
No. 5, Zaporizhzhya NPP
Works are underway to extend the lifecycle
Power unit
No. 6, Zaporizhzhya NPP
The lifetime has not expired
Power unit
No. 4, Rivne NPP
The lifetime has not expired
Power unit
No. 2, Khmelnytska NPP
The lifetime has not expired

By extending the lifecycle of power units with the design capacity of over 1000 MW, the Company can save 9 GW of the carbon-free electricity for the county. For comparison: the construction of one 1000 MW power unit costs US$ 5-7 billion, while measures to extend the lifecycle of VVER-1000 reactors will cost about US$ 300 million.

As part of the Programme for Improving the Efficiency and Capacity of the Operating Nuclear Power Units, in 2019 the Company increased thermal capacity of power unit No. 4 at Rivne NPP to 3,045 MW, which was 101.5% of its design capacity. In addition, the thermal capacity of power unit No. 2 at South-Ukraine NPP was increased to 3,045 MW, also 101.5% of its design capacity. Thanks to the Programme, the Company, and eventually Ukraine, will receive additional megawatts, which will contribute to the nation’s energy security.


Public Hearings on the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme of Power Units of Ukrainian NPPs

As part of the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme of Power Units of Ukrainian NPPs, Energoatom is also implementing the Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) and the Stakeholder Engagement Plan. These documents require from the Company to hold public discussions on the implementation of the Programme and ESAP in the satellite cities of Ukrainian NPPs. Public hearings are conducted to maintain constructive long-term relationship with parties who are or may be impacted by the Programme’s implementation, both inside and outside Ukraine, as well as other stakeholders related to the implementation of the CCSUP, including the environmental and social aspects of the Programme.

In November 2019, the Company held four public discussions in the NPP satellite cities, which were attended by experts from Ukrainian NPPs, Energoatom, and representatives of the public.

Following the public hearings, the Company compiled the minutes of the public hearings, as well as updated the Q&A book on the CCSUP implementation and the Environmental Impact Assessment.

Public hearings on CCSUP in 2019

Zaporizhzhya NPP

11 November 2019

Enerhodar, 56 participants

South-Ukraine NPP

12 November 2019

Yuzhnoukrainsk, 33 participants

Rivne NPP

21 November 2019

Varas, 36 participants

Khmelnytska NPP

22 November 2019

Netishyn, 37 participants

Occupational H&S and Fire Safety

Energoatom is aware of its responsibility for creating safe and healthy working conditions in the workplace and for raising awareness of employees to develop a responsible attitude to personal safety, as well as to the safety of other people. The Company raises awareness of occupational risks, encourages and supports responsible and safe behaviour. Saving lives, taking care of the workers’ health during

working and non-working hours, preventing occupational injuries and diseases are among the Company’s key H&S actions.

The H&S management system at Energoatom has not changed in the reporting period and applies to all employees of the Company.

The Company’s requirements for working conditions are determined not only by the law of Ukraine, but also by the International Occupational Health and Safety Management Standard, OHSAS 18001: 2007.

Energoatom has the H&S Service and H&S Management System in place. The H&S Service is headed by the General Inspector – Safety Director who is responsible for the operational management of the relevant structural units in all separate divisions. The head of Energoatom H&S Service is subordinate to the President of the Company. Energoatom’s H&S Service includes the H&S and Fire Safety Department of the Directorate for Safety Supervision, as well as health and safety services of the Company’s separate subdivisions.

Energoatom has established and operates the Fire Safety Service, which includes the H&S and Fire Safety Department of the Directorate for Safety Supervision, fire safety departments of the NPPs, and officials from other separate subdivisions.

Occupational H&S and Fire Safety Management Assessment

Indicators of performance of H&S management system are given in the annual reports on Energoatom’s H&S performance. The main indicators include:

  • Rate of occupational injuries
  • Implementation of comprehensive H&S measures
  • H&S financing
  • Availability of personal protective equipment for employees
  • Staff training and knowledge testing
  • Certification of workplaces, etc.

The fire safety management performance is assessed following the results of annual fire safety audits in separate subdivisions and structural units of the Company.

Investment in Occupational Health and Safety

The Company annually invests in health and safety measures. The areas of H&S financing are established by a respective resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

In 2019, Energoatom spent UAH 464.9 million on the H&S measures and protective equipment.
H&S expenses of Energoatom in 2017-2019, UAH million

In the reporting period, the Company implemented 262 comprehensive H&S measures worth over UAH 464 million in total. In 2019, the Comprehensive Health and Safety Measures made 8.9% of the total H&S costs, just in line with the requirements of Energoatom’s Collective Bargaining Agreement 2019.


Preventing Occupational Injuries

In 2019, Ukrainian energy companies and the nuclear sector of Ukraine had 85 accidents in total, including 14 fatal accidents and 5 group accidents. In 2019, the injury rate at Energoatom was much lower, with 5 occupational accidents and no group accidents or fatalities.

Energoatom had neither occupational diseases nor accidents in the reporting period.

Vision Zero: strategy for minimising occupational injury risks

Rivne NPP conducted occupational H&S benchmarking dedicated to the following topics: Promoting Sustainable Development of the Ukrainian Economy by Reducing the Number of Accidents, Incidents and Occupational Diseases at Ukrainian Companies and the implementation of the Vision Zero in Ukraine strategy.

The goal was to find and implement the best OHS practices in the Ukrainian companies and present the first global prevention strategy in this area, Vision Zero, or Zero Injury.

The participants of the meeting discussed the prospects for the implementation of the Vision Zero strategy at Rivne NPP. This strategy is aimed at reducing the risks of occupational injuries and presents a transformational approach to the occupational injury prevention, combining three areas: safety, occupational health, and the well-being of workers. The concept is based on seven golden rules that help reduce the rate of occupational injuries and diseases.

All occupational injuries were properly investigated. Following the investigations, separate subdivisions issued orders obliging the parties concerned to implement a number of preventive organisational and technical measures, give reprimands to violators of safety requirements, and deprive the responsible officials of their bonuses or reduce bonuses.

Occupational injuries at Energoatom, 2017–2019
Lost Time Accident Frequency Rate at Energoatom, 2017–2019

The reasons for occupational injuries in 2019 were:

  • Violation of H&S discipline, in particular failure to fulfil official duties and H&S requirements;
  • Violation of safety requirements during operation of equipment;
  • Violation of technological processes;
  • Violation of operating instructions;
  • Failure to use personal protective equipment;
  • Poor H&S instructions;
  • Admission to work without H&S training and knowledge testing;
  • Poor technical condition of production facilities;
  • Personal negligence of the victims.

Fire Safety

In 2019, Energoatom took steps to improve fire safety at NPPs. Overall, the Company planned to implement 217 major fire-fighting measures in the reporting period to the total amount of UAH 712.97 million. As of now, the Company has managed to complete 56.7% of the measures.

In 2019, Energoatom implemented 123 fire-fighting measures to a total of UAH 533.26 million.

The Company had planned to allocate UAH 159.72 million to ensure the preparedness of the fire and rescue units at NPPs. The actual Company’s costs made UAH 157.22 million.

In 2019, there was a fire accident at Energoatom. Caused by a short circuit due to an internal damage in a transformer, the fire broke out on the industrial site of Rivne NPP and resulted in no casualties. The direct loss made UAH 763,630.

In 2019, 4,410 employees took the mandatory basic fire safety training, and 1,541 officials attended the special fire safety training.

In 2019, Energoatom’s separate subdivisions held 27 meetings of fire technical commissions; the fire safety services carried out 2,730 inspections of the fire safety systems.


H&S Training and Advanced Training of Employees

H&S knowledge and skills are important for employees, as they help ensure safe operations of the Company. Energoatom organises and strictly controls the mandatory employee training, which is provided on a regular basis. No employees, including officials, are admitted to work unless they have undertaken the health and safety induction and have tested their knowledge of H&S and fire safety in the workplace.

In 2019, the Company’s separate subdivisions carried out 2,428 fire-fighting drills for NPP staff, including joint drills with fire departments. Of them, 195 were onsite drills and 62 were joint drills with the fire departments.

Energoatom develops and implements a system of training and qualification support of NPP personnel, in particular on emergency preparedness and response. Full-scale general emergency response drills are held once every three years.


Staff Licensing

In 2019, 65 candidates for licenced positions with the right to operate nuclear installations were trained by the NPP training centres. The number of licenced staff in 2019 increased by 8 to 411 people year on year. At the same time, licenced staff turnover decreased and made 21 people (it was 24 people in the previous year), in particular:

  • 15 people were transferred to non-licenced positions at NPPs, including 6 people transferred to the training centres;
  • 6 employees resigned.

Number of licenced personnel, 2017-2019, people

In 2019, the Company worked to licence the officials performing organisational and regulatory functions related to the nuclear and radiation safety. They are allowed to work only after obtaining relevant licences. In total, 126 licences were obtained during the licensing period. As of the end of 2019, 92 managers held licences in the Company.

Plans for 2020 and a Medium Term

The Company H&S plans for 2020 include the following:

  • Implement the measures set out in the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Programme of Power Units of Ukrainian NPPs (CCSUP) for 2020;
  • Perform measures aimed at extending the lifecycle of NPP equipment and power units; extend the lifecycle of power unit No. 5 at Zaporizhzhya NPP;
  • Conduct the H&S survey at Energoatom’s NPPs, summarise and analyse the results;
  • Carry out inspections of the safety culture, operation of systems and equipment, and implementation of safety culture principles by separate subdivisions of the Company; prepare a consolidated follow-up report;
  • Check the readiness of Energoatom’s separate subdivisions for operation in the 2020/21 autumn-winter period;
  • Conduct comprehensive fire safety inspections in the separate subdivisions;
  • Conduct comprehensive inspections of the H&S status in the separate subdivisions;
  • Conduct comprehensive inspections of the physical protection of NPPs;
  • Inspect emergency preparedness and response, civil defence and technogenic safety in the separate subdivisions of the Company.